Standard Japanese Chin GB
FCI-Standard N° 206 / 02.09.2009 / GB
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 26.03.2009.
UTILIZATION : Companion dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 9 Companion and Toy
Section 8 Japan Chin and Pekingese.
Without working trial.
SUMMARY : According to ancient documents it is assumed that the ancestors of the
Chin were presented as a gift from the rulers of Korea (during the Silla Dynasty
age 377-935) to the Japanese court in 732. For a successive 100 years, there appears to have been a
large number of Chins coming into Japan. Historical
records also indicate that envoys sent to China (during the Tung Dynasty age
618-910) and North Korea (during the Po H’ai Dynasty age 698-926) brought back
dogs of this breed directly. During the reign of the Shogunate Tsunayoshi Tokugawa
(1680-1709) the breed was raised as an indoor toy dog in the Castle of Edo.
In 1613 a Britisher,
Captain Searles, brought a Chin to England and in 1853 Commodore Perry from the
U.S. brought several to the U.S. of which two were presented to Queen Victoria
Since 1868, the Chin
has been favored as a lapdog by ladies of the upper classes, and currently is
being widely spread as a companion dog.
: Small sized dog with broad face, covered with profuse coat, with elegant and
: The ratio of height at withers to length of the body is equal.
The body of bitches slightly longer.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Clever, mild and lovely.
Skull : Broad and rounded.
Stop : Deep and indented.
Nose : Nasal bridge very short and wide, the nose on a straight line with the eyes; the nose colour black or deep flesh colour, according to dog’s markings. Well opened nostrils.
Jaws/Teeth : Teeth white and strong; level bite desirable, but scissor bite or
undershot mouth permitted.
Eyes : Large, round, set wide apart and lustrous black in colour.
Ears : Long, triangular, hanging, covered with long hair; set wide apart.
NECK : Rather short, and
Back : Short and straight.
Loin : Broad and slightly round.
Chest : Moderately broad and deep, with ribs moderately sprung.
Belly : Well drawn up.
TAIL : Covered with
beautiful, profuse and long hair, being carried up over back.
FOREQUARTERS : Forearms straight, fine boned; backside of forearms below the elbows
HINDQUARTERS : Hindlegs moderately angulated, rear of the rump covered with feather.
FEET : Small and hare-shaped, covered with tufts desirable.
GAIT / MOVEMENT
: Elegant, light and proud.
HAIR : Silky, straight and long. Whole
body except face covered with profuse hair.
The ears, neck, thighs and tail have profuse feather.
COLOUR : White with markings of black or red.
Markings symmetrically distributed from around eyes over ears as on whole
body desirable. Especially white
and wide blaze from muzzle to crown desirable.
Height at withers : Dogs approximately 25 cm.
FAULTS : Any departure from the
foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the
fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its
effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Nose : Any colour other than black for white
dogs with black markings.
Overshot mouth, wry underjaw.
Solid white coat with no markings; single
marking on face.
Any dog clearly
showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should
have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.